National Association for Children and Safe Technology
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Stress and Immune Function
Some Research to Consider

Cell phones


Oxidative Stress


Martin L. Pall. Microwave electromagnetic fields act by activating voltage-gated calcium channels: why the current international safety standards do not predict biological hazard.Recent Res. Devel. Mol. Cell Biol. 7(2014).
  • "It can be seen from the above that 10 different well-documented microwave EMF effects canbe easily explained as being a consequence of EMF VGCC activation: oxidative stress, elevated single and double strand breaks in DNA, therapeutic responses to such EMFs, breakdown of the blood-brain barrier, cancer, melatonin loss, sleep dysfunction, male infertility and female infertility."

Hamzany Y, Feinmesser R, Shpitzer T, et al. Is Human Saliva an Indicator of the Adverse Health Effects of Using Mobile Phones? Antioxidants and Redox Signaling. 2013

  • Significant increase in all salivary oxidative stress indices were seen in the mobile phone users.  Salivary flow, total protein, albumin, and amylase activity were decreased in mobile phone users.  “These observations lead to the hypothesis that the use of mobile phones may cause oxidative stress and modify salivary function.”

Cetin H, Nazıroğlu M, Celik O, Yüksel M, Pastacı N, Ozkaya MO. Liver antioxidant stores protect the brain from electromagnetic radiation (900 and 1800 MHz)-induced oxidative stress in rats during pregnancy and the development of offspring. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2014 Mar 3.

  • “EMR could be considered as a cause of oxidative brain and liver injury in growing rats."

Hou Q1, Wang M, Wu S, Ma X, An G, Liu H, Xie F., Oxidative changes and apoptosis induced by 1800-MHz electromagnetic radiation in NIH/3T3 cells. Electromagn Biol Med. 2014 Mar 25.
  • Our results showed a significant increase in intracellular ROS levels after EMR exposure. The percentage of late-apoptotic cells in the EMR-exposed group was significantly higher than that in the sham-exposed groups (p < 0.05).  These results indicate that an 1800-MHz EMR enhances ROS formation and promotes apoptosis in NIH/3T3 cells.

Tomruk A1, Guler G, Dincel AS.The influence of 1800 MHz GSM-like signals on hepatic oxidative DNA and lipid damage in nonpregnant, pregnant, and newly born rabbits. Cell Biochem Biophys. 2010;56(1):39-47.
  • “The whole-body 1800 MHz GSM-like RF radiation exposure may lead to oxidative destruction as being indicators of subsequent reactions that occur to form oxygen toxicity in tissues”

Augner C, Hacker GW, Oberfeld G, Florian M, Hitzl W, Hutter J, Pauser G. Effects of exposure to GSM mobile phone base station signals on salivary cortisol, alpha-amylase, and immunoglobulin A. Biomed Environ Sci. 2010 Jun;23(3):199-207. doi: 10.1016/S0895-3988(10)60053-0.

  • Increases of cortisol and a higher concentration of alpha-amylase were detected in subjects under various EMF exposure scenarios.  RF-EMF in considerably lower field densities than ICNIRP-guidelines may influence certain psychobiological stress markers.

Nazıroğlu M, Yüksel M, Köse SA, Özkaya MO. Recent reports of Wi-Fi and mobile phone-induced radiation on oxidative stress and reproductive signaling pathways in females and males.J Membr Biol. 2013 Dec;246(12):869-75. doi: 10.1007/s00232-013-9597-9. Epub 2013 Oct 9.

  • Review Paper: “In conclusion, the results of current studies indicate that oxidative stress from exposure to Wi-Fi and mobile phone-induced EMR is a significant mechanism affecting female and male reproductive systems.”

Yakymenko et al., Low intensity radiofrequency radiation: a new oxidant for living cells. Oxid Antioxid Med Sci 2014; 3(1):1-3

  • A “strong non-thermal character of biological effects of RFR has been documented” and “it is clear that the substantial overproduction of ROS in living cells under low intensity RFR exposure could cause a broad spectrum of health disorders and diseases, including cancer in humans.  Undoubtedly, this calls for the further intensive research in the area, as well as to a precautionary approach in routine usage of wireless devices.”
Dr. Martin Blank of Columbia University talks about the cellular stress response and his research on stress proteins.


Scientists  at the Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology and Radiobiology in Kiev stated it is:

"Proven" that wireless radiation leads to harmful oxidation processes in cells through the overproduction of free radicals." 

"Low intensity RF (wireless) radiation "could lead to mutagenic effects through expressive oxidative damage of DNA"

92,5 % of reviewed studies confirmed this.
Wireless radiation has been shown to increase oxidative stress.  Oxidative stress leads to neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease, gene mutations and cancers, heart disorders, and inflammatory diseases.  Research has also shown an over-reaction of the immune system after exposure to non ionizing radiation:

  • autoimmune responses 
  • blood serum changes 
  • morphological alterations of immune cells
  • presence of biological markers for inflammation
  • impaired immune function
Watch This!

Paul Héroux, director of the Occupation Health program at McGill University's Faculty of Medicine recently submitted this video to Health Canada which is reviewing its Safety Code 6 guideline on radiofrequency exposure.

Want More?

Read  Dr. Olle Johansson and Dr. Yury Grigoriev
Section 8 Bioinitiative Report

"The current
international public safety limits for EMFs do not appear to be sufficiently protective of public health at all,
based on the studies of immune function."